NIH’s Public Access Policy is set to become mandatory following President Bush’s approval on Dec 26th 2007. This much-heralded change, once implemented, will require NIH-funded investigators to submit an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts to PubMed Central, as soon as they have been accepted for publication. Peter Suber’s January SPARC Open Access Newsletter contains a detailed analysis of what the change means, and identifies some of the key issues that remain to be resolved.
Further, on Jan 1st 2008 the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s open access mandate came into effect. The HHMI policy requires that, for all manuscripts now submitted that have an HHMI scientist as a major author, a copy of the published article should be deposited in PubMed Central.
More information about the NIH’s open access policy and the HHMI policy can also be found at BioMed Central.